This website uses cookies to manage authentication, navigation and other functions. By using our website, you agree that we can place these types of cookies on your device.

When all your ideas for a given project begin to come together and you feel you are ready to move on from the planning stage, you must have a series of specific technical drawings that reflect this. These will be what you show to the client to let them visualise with some accuracy what the final result will be. They will also want to help you to make decisions about changing the plans. Creating accurate drawings using computer generation will help to highlight and refine areas of your plan that are in need of improvement.

Plans and Sections

Initially, there is no need for overly specific details, such as finishing touches. It is vital, however, to draw everything precisely and to scale. If you do this properly you will have all the information you require to use the space that is left over to meet your concept’s demands.

Below is the plan and elevation of an exhibition stand. They are fairly simple but show accurately the scale of the design in relation to human proportions.

Architecture Floor Plans

Architecture scale plans

3D Models

Creating 3D models, both on a computer and physically, is useful for analysing spaces. This method also allows you to describe the project to the client more effectively. If you still need to make changes, don’t complete all your drawings and models. For client satisfaction you must, however, convey as much information as you can.

At this stage it is also important to keep an eye on the clock. Losing track of time in the planning stages often has a knock-on effect for the remainder of the project.

Shown below are a series of computer generated sketches which enhance the information given in the plan above. By making the space easier to understand, there is almost enough information to progress to the final stages of designing and presenting to the client.

Architecture 3D Plans

3D Architecture Mockup

Technical Details

It is vital that you have a full understanding of the technical aspects of your design. An example of this is lighting, you need to know how the lighting fits into the ceiling. Below are drawing which demonstrate the communication of lighting within a ceiling.

The lighting legend, shown on the left, describes the meanings of the lighting icons on the ceiling plan.

Floor Plans

Sectional Drawing

If you design furniture, a sectional drawing is a useful way to describe to the client how the furniture will be constructed. The drawing below details how the fixings for a shelf are hidden and how LED lighting is recessed into the top face.

Architecture fixings drawing

This next drawing, a section through a sink unit, clearly describes all of the finishes used throughout.

Architecture cross section diagrams


Choosing materials and furniture is an important part of the process. Selecting tangible items enhances your design concept and makes it easier to imagine as if it were completed. Do not, however, complete sample boards until you are confident with your final selection.

It’s a good idea to collect samples of a range of materials, from showrooms, catalogues, suppliers and trade shows and create a scrapbook you will build upon throughout your career.

below are a few examples of what your work should look like as you progress.

Prototype Architecure

Summer solstice may have been and gone, but there's still plenty summer sun to take us into the weekend

Contact us

Interactive Design Institute

Stuart House



East Lothian

EH21 7PB

Freephone: 0800 917 1118

International: +44(0) 131 777 9321

London: 0203 056 1098

From Mobile: 03303 320 030

  Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education
  ABC Awards
  University of Hertforshire
Reimagine Award 2015
Back To Top